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maladies_header
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



A

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
(A rapidly growing cancer of the white blood cells
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Vascular, Lymphatic, Systemic, Bone Marrow, Immune
Treatment Originators - 6-Mercaptopurin:
Gertrude Elion
George Hitchings


Acquired Immune
Deficiency Syndrome
Acquired Immunodeficiency Deficiency Syndrome

(An immune system disease, AIDS is the
final stage of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV))

Systems/Organs Affected:
Immune system
Treatment Originators:
Luc Montagnier
Gervais Dionne
Bernard Belleau
Francesco Bellini
Nghe Nguyen-Ga

AIDS
(An immune system disease, AIDS is the
final stage of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV))

Systems/Organs Affected: Immune system
Treatment Originators:
Luc Montagnier
Gervais Dionne
Bernard Belleau
Francesco Bellini
Nghe Nguyen-Ga


Airway Obstruction
(Choking due to a foreign object lodged in the airway
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Respiratory; Cardiovascular; Systemic
Treatment Originators - Heimlich Maneuver:
Henry Heimlich
Edward Patrick


Atherosclerosis
(The buildup of fatty plaques on artery walls, restricting blood flow
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Cardiovascular, Circulatory, Respiratory, Systemic
Treatment Originators - Angioplasty:
Andreas Gruentzig





B

Blocked Arteries
(A disease involving narrowed arteries or blood vessels, resulting in angina, stroke or heart attack)
Systems/Organs Affected: Circulatory, Heart
Treatment Originators - Bypass Surgery:
Vladimir Demikhov
Vasilii Kolesov
Treatment Originators - Preventive Aspirin Therapy:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Blue Baby Syndrome
(A congenital heart defect, often fatal, that prevents proper levels of oxygen in the blood)
Systems/Organs Affected: Circulatory, Respiratory, Heart
Treatment Originators:
Alfred Blalock
Vivien Thomas


Bradycardia; Slow Heartbeat
(A dangerously slow heartbeat)
Systems/Organs Affected: Heart, Circulatory, Systemic
Treatment Originators - Pacemaker:
Wilson Greatbatch

Breast Cancer
(A cancer originating in the cells of the breast)
Systems/Organs Affected: Breast, Lymphatic, Systemic
Treatment Originators - Diagnostic Mammography:
Albert Salomon
Walter Vogel
Stafford Warren
Jacob Gershon-Cohen
Raul Leborgne
Charles Gros






C

Cardiovascular Disease
(A disease involving narrowed arteries or blood vessels, resulting in angina, stroke or heart attack)
Systems/Organs Affected: Circulatory, Heart
Treatment Originators - Bypass Surgery:
Vladimir Demikhov
Vasilii Kolesov

Treatment Originators - Preventive Aspirin Therapy:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Cerebrovascular Accident; CVA
(A stroke, resulting in brain tissue death due to lack of blood flow and oxygenation)
Systems/Organs Affected: Brain, Circulatory
Treatment Originators - Preventive Aspirin Therapy:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens

Treatment Originator - Preventive Statins to Lower Cholesterol:
Akira Endo

Cervical Cancer
(Cancer of the cervix, the lower end of the uterus that connects to the top of the vagina)
Systems/Organs Affected: Reproductive, Uterus
Treatment Originators:
Georgios Papanikolaou
Herbert Traut
Aurel Babes


Chickenpox
(A red itchy skin rash, usually affecting children, caused by the varicella-zoster virus, a herpes family virus
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Integumentary, Systemic
Treatment Originators: Acyclovir
Gertrude Elion

Choking
(Choking due to a foreign object lodged in the airway
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Respiratory; Cardiovascular; Systemic
Treatment Originators - Heimlich Maneuver:
Henry Heimlich
Edward Patrick


Cholera
(An acute bacterial infection of the intestine, causing severe diarrhea, vomiting and dehydration; often fatal if not quickly treated; infection often spread through contaminated water supplies)
Systems/Organs Affected: Gastrointestinal, Stomach, Bowels; impacts all systems and organs if left untreated
Treatment Originators - Oral Rehydration Therapy:
Robert Phillips
David Nalin
Richard Cash
Norbert Hirschhorn
David Sachar

Treatment Originators - Water Purification/Chlorination:
Abel Wolman
Linn Enslow


Chronic Myeloid Leukemia; CML
(A cancer of the white blood cells, the myeloid cells, within the bone marrow, resulting in unregulated growth
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Vascular, Lymphatic, Systemic, Myeloid (Bone Marrow)
Treatment Originators: Gleevec for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML)
Brian Druker
Nicholas Lydon
Charles Sawyers


Cold Sores
(Small blisters on or around the lips caused by the herpes virus
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Face, Integumentary
Treatment Originators: Acyclovir
Gertrude Elion

Congestive Heart Failure
(Inability of the heart to pump sufficient blood to meet the body's oxygen and nutrient needs)
Systems/Organs Affected: Heart, Circulatory, Systemic
Treatment Originators - Pacemaker:
Wilson Greatbatch

Coronary Artery Disease
(The buildup of fatty plaques on artery walls, restricting blood flow
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Cardiovascular, Circulatory, Respiratory, Systemic
Treatment Originators - Angioplasty:
Andreas Gruentzig

Coronary Heart Disease
(The buildup of fatty plaques on artery walls, restricting blood flow
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Cardiovascular, Circulatory, Respiratory, Systemic
Treatment Originators - Angioplasty:
Andreas Gruentzig





D

Dehydration
(A fluid imbalance in which the body loses more fluids than it takes in; potentially fatal)
Systems/Organs Affected: All systems and organs
Treatment Originators:
Robert Phillips
David Nalin
Richard Cash
Norbert Hirschhorn
David Sachar


Diabetes

(A disease in which the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or the body does not respond normally to insulin)
Systems/Organs Affected: Immune, Endocrine, Pancreas, Liver
Treatment Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


Diarrhea
(Frequent loose, watery bowel movements, resulting in loss of water and salts)
Systems/Organs Affected: Gastrointestinal, Stomach, Bowels; impacts all systems and organs when condition is chronic)
Treatment Originators:
Robert Phillips
David Nalin
Richard Cash
Norbert Hirschhorn
David Sachar


Diphtheria
(A highly contagious, potentially fatal bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Respiratory, Throat, Heart, Kidneys, Nervous System
Treatment Originators - Diphtheria Antitoxin:
Paul Ehrlich
Emil von Behring
Shibasaburo Kitasato
Gaston Ramon
Treatment Originators - DPT, leading to new generation Diphtheria/Tetanus Toxoids/Acellular Pertussis Vaccine
Grace Eldering
Pearl Kendrick


Dysentery
(A potentially fatal inflammatory disease
of the large intestines, resulting in severe bloody diarrhea; infection often spread through contaminated water supplies)
Systems/Organs Affected: Gastrointestinal
Treatment Originators - Water Purification/Chlorination:
Abel Wolman
Linn Enslow






E

End-Stage Renal Disease
(A total, or near total, failure of the kidneys to function
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Renal, Kidney, Systemic
Treatment Originators: Azathioprine to avoid organ transplant rejection
Gertrude Elion
George Hitchings


Eerythroblastosis Fetalis
(An incompatibility of blood types between mother and fetus, potentially causing serious organ damage or death to the baby)
Systems/Organs Affected: Circulatory; Hepatic; Lymphatic; Cardiovascular
Treatment Originators - RHo(D) Immune Globulin (Human):
Ronald Finn







F

Famine
(An extreme scarcity of food, leading to starvation, sickness and death)
Systems/Organs Affected: All systems and organs
Treatment Originators:
Norman Borlaug
Carl Bosch
Andre Briend
Fritz Haber
Paul Muller

Flu; Influenza
(
A viral infection of the respiratory tract)
Systems/Organs Affected: Respiratory, Nose, Mouth, Throat, Lungs
Treatment Originators - Influenza Vaccine
Thomas Francis, Jr.







G

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors; GIST
(A rare cancer of the gastrointestinal tract
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Gastrointestinal, Vascular, Bone, Synovial Tissue (Tissue Around Joints)
Treatment Originators: Gleevec for GIST
Brian Druker
Nicholas Lydon
Charles Sawyers


Genital Herpes
(A sexually transmitted viral infection affecting the tissue surrounding the genitals
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Genitals, Integumentary
Treatment Originators: Acyclovir
Gertrude Elion

German Measles
(A highly contagious viral disease, resulting in a rash covering the entire body)
Systems/Organs Affected: Respiratory, Integumentary, Systemic
Treatment Originators - Measles Virus Vaccine:
John Enders
Thomas Peebles
Samuel Katz
Kevin McCarthy
Milan Milovanovic
Anna Mitus
Ann Holloway
Maurice Hilleman






H

Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn; HDN
(An incompatibility of blood types between mother and fetus, potentially causing serious organ damage or death to the baby)
Systems/Organs Affected: Circulatory; Hepatic; Lymphatic; Cardiovascular
Treatment Originators - RHo(D) Immune Globulin (Human):
Ronald Finn

Haemophilus influenza type b; Hib

(An invasive disease, the leading cause of bacterial meningitis, primarily affecting children under the age of five)
Systems/Organs Affected: Multiple systems; may cause pneumonia, meningitis, epiglottitis, septic arthritis, others
Treatment Originators:
Porter Anderson
David Smith
John Robbins
Rachel Schneerson


Heart Attack
(Permanent damage to, or death of part of the heart muscle due to lack of blood flow and oxygenation)
Systems/Organs Affected: Heart, Circulatory
Treatment Originators - Preventive Aspirin Therapy:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens

Treatment Originator - Preventive Statins to Lower Cholesterol:
Akira Endo

Heart Failure
(Inability of the heart to pump sufficient blood to meet the body's oxygen and nutrient needs)
Systems/Organs Affected: Heart, Circulatory, Systemic
Treatment Originators - Pacemaker:
Wilson Greatbatch

Hepatitis B
(A serious infection and inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV); when chronic may cause liver failure, liver cancer or cirrhosis)
Systems/Organs Affected: Hepatic, Vascular, Liver, Kidneys
Treatment Originators:
Baruch Blumberg
Kenneth Murray
Irving Millman


Herpes
(A virus causing genital herpes, cold sores, shingles and chicken pox
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Genitals, Integumentary
Treatment Originators: Acyclovir
Gertrude Elion

Hib; Haemophilus influenza type b
(An invasive disease, the leading cause of bacterial meningitis, primarily affecting children under the age of five)
Systems/Organs Affected: Multiple systems; may cause pneumonia, meningitis, epiglottitis, septic arthritis, others
Treatment Originators - Hib Vaccine:
Porter Anderson
David Smith
John Robbins
Rachel Schneerson


High Cholesterol
(
A buildup of fatty deposits in the blood vessels, which reduces blood flow and oxygenation, increasing the risk of coronary artery disease, heart attack and stroke)
Systems/Organs Affected: Circulatory; Coronary, Respiratory; Systemic
Treatment Originators - Healthy diet to control cholesterol:
Ancel Keys
Treatment Originators - Statin Drugs:
Akira Endo

Hyaline Membrane Disease
(A deficiency of surfactant, resulting in the collapse of the lungs in infants)
Systems/Organs Affected: Respiratory, Lungs
Treatment Originators:
Mary Ellen Avery
John Clements
Tetsuro Fujiwara


Hypercholesterolemia
(
An elevation of cholesterol in the bloodstream, increasing the risk of coronary artery disease, heart attack and stroke)
Systems/Organs Affected: Circulatory; Coronary, Respiratory; Systemic
Treatment Originators - Healthy diet to control cholesterol:
Ancel Keys
Treatment Originators - Statin Drugs:
Akira Endo

Hyperlipidemia
(An elevation of lipids (fats) in the bloodstream,
increasing the risk of coronary artery disease, heart attack and stroke)
Systems/Organs Affected: Circulatory; Coronary, Respiratory; Systemic
Treatment Originators - Healthy diet to control cholesterol:
Ancel Keys
Treatment Originators - Statin Drugs:
Akira Endo

Hypertriglyceridemia
(An elevation of triglycerides (fats) in the bloodstream,
increasing the risk of coronary artery disease, heart attack and stroke)
Systems/Organs Affected: Circulatory; Coronary, Respiratory; Systemic
Treatment Originators - Healthy diet to control cholesterol:
Ancel Keys
Treatment Originators - Statin Drugs:
Akira Endo






I

Influenza
(
A viral infection of the respiratory tract)
Systems/Organs Affected: Respiratory, Nose, Mouth, Throat, Lungs
Treatment Originators - Influenza Vaccine
Thomas Francis, Jr.







J





K

Kidney Failure
(A total, or near total, failure of the kidneys to function
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Renal, Kidney, Systemic
Treatment Originators: Azathioprine to avoid organ transplant rejection
Gertrude Elion
George Hitchings







L

Leukemia
(A cancer of the blood or bone marrow, usually originating in the white blood cells
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Vascular, Lymphatic, Systemic, Myeloid (Bone Marrow)
Treatment Originators: Gleevec for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML)
Brian Druker
Nicholas Lydon
Charles Sawyers

Liver Infection; Hepatitis B

(A serious infection and inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV); when chronic may cause liver failure, liver cancer or cirrhosis)
Systems/Organs Affected: Hepatic, Vascular, Liver, Kidneys
Treatment Originators:
Baruch Blumberg
Kenneth Murray
Irving Millman







M

Malnutrition
(The lack of adequate nutrients to support a healthy body, with symptoms ranging from mild to life-threatening)
Systems/Organs Affected: All systems and organs
Treatment Originators:
Norman Borlaug
Carl Bosch
Andre Briend
Fritz Haber
Paul Muller


Mastocytosis
(A buildup of mast cells in the body, either cutaneous (skin only) or systemic
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Systemic, Integumentary, Liver, Spleen, Bone Marrow, Small Intestine)
Treatment Originators: Gleevec for Mastocytosis
Brian Druker
Nicholas Lydon
Charles Sawyers


Measles
(A highly contagious viral disease, resulting in a rash covering the entire body)
Systems/Organs Affected: Respiratory, Integumentary, Systemic
Treatment Originators - Measles Virus Vaccine:
John Enders
Thomas Peebles
Samuel Katz
Kevin McCarthy
Milan Milovanovic
Anna Mitus
Ann Holloway
Maurice Hilleman


Myocardial Infarction
(Permanent damage to, or death of part of the heart muscle due to lack of blood flow and oxygenation)
Systems/Organs Affected: Heart, Circulatory
Treatment Originators - Preventive Aspirin Therapy:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens








N

Narrowed Arteries
(A disease involving narrowed arteries or blood vessels, resulting in angina, stroke or heart attack)
Systems/Organs Affected: Circulatory, Heart
Treatment Originators - Bypass Surgery:
Vladimir Demikhov
Vasilii Kolesov

Treatment Originators - Preventive Aspirin Therapy:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens






O





P

Pertussis
(A potentially fatal bacterial infection of the respiratory tract, primarily affecting children
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Respiratory
Treatment Originators - DPT, leading to new generation Diphtheria/Tetanus Toxoids/Acellular Pertussis Vaccine
Grace Eldering
Pearl Kendrick


Philadelphia Chromosome Positive Chronic Myeloid Leukemia; CML

(A cancer of the white blood cells, the myeloid cells, within the bone marrow, resulting in unregulated growth
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Vascular, Lymphatic, Systemic, Myeloid (Bone Marrow)
Treatment Originators: Gleevec for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML)
Brian Druker
Nicholas Lydon
Charles Sawyers


Polio
(A viral disease affecting the nerves, possibly resulting in partial or full paralysis
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Nervous, Systemic, Lymphatic,
Treatment Originators - Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated:
John Enders
Jonas Salk
Thomas Weller
Frederick Robbins
Thomas Francis, Jr.
Treatment Originators - Poliovirus Vaccine, Live (Oral Route):
John Enders
Albert Sabin
Thomas Weller
Frederick Robbins


Poliomyelitis
(A viral disease affecting the nerves, possibly resulting in partial or full paralysis
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Nervous, Systemic, Lymphatic,
Treatment Originators - Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated:
John Enders
Jonas Salk
Thomas Weller
Frederick Robbins
Thomas Francis, Jr.
Treatment Originators - Poliovirus Vaccine, Live (Oral Route):
John Enders
Albert Sabin
Thomas Weller
Frederick Robbins







Q





R

Red Measles
(A highly contagious viral disease, resulting in a rash covering the entire body)
Systems/Organs Affected: Respiratory, Integumentary, Systemic
Treatment Originators - Measles Virus Vaccine:
John Enders
Thomas Peebles
Samuel Katz
Kevin McCarthy
Milan Milovanovic
Anna Mitus
Ann Holloway
Maurice Hilleman


Respiratory Distress Syndrome

(A deficiency of surfactant, resulting in the collapse of the lungs in infants)
Systems/Organs Affected: Respiratory, Lungs
Treatment Originators:
Mary Ellen Avery
John Clements
Tetsuro Fujiwara


Rh Haemolytic Disease
(An incompatibility of blood types between mother and fetus, potentially causing serious organ damage or death to the baby)
Systems/Organs Affected: Circulatory; Hepatic; Lymphatic; Cardiovascular
Treatment Originators - RHo(D) Immune Globulin (Human):
Ronald Finn

Rubella
(A highly contagious viral disease, resulting in a rash covering the entire body)
Systems/Organs Affected: Respiratory, Integumentary, Systemic
Treatment Originators - Measles Virus Vaccine:
John Enders
Thomas Peebles
Samuel Katz
Kevin McCarthy
Milan Milovanovic
Anna Mitus
Ann Holloway
Maurice Hilleman


Rubeola
(A highly contagious viral disease, resulting in a rash covering the entire body)
Systems/Organs Affected: Respiratory, Integumentary, Systemic
Treatment Originators - Measles Virus Vaccine:
John Enders
Thomas Peebles
Samuel Katz
Kevin McCarthy
Milan Milovanovic
Anna Mitus
Ann Holloway
Maurice Hilleman






S

Seasonal Flu; Influenza
(
A viral infection of the respiratory tract)
Systems/Organs Affected: Respiratory, Nose, Mouth, Throat, Lungs
Treatment Originators - Influenza Vaccine
Thomas Francis, Jr.

Shingles

(A painful skin rash, usually on the back and chest, caused by the varicella-zoster virus, a herpes family virus
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Back, Chest, Integumentary
Treatment Originators: Acyclovir
Gertrude Elion

Slow Heartbeat; Bradycardia
(A dangerously slow heartbeat)
Systems/Organs Affected: Heart, Circulatory, Systemic
Treatment Originators - Pacemaker:
Wilson Greatbatch

Smallpox
(A potentially fatal, highly contagious, disfiguring disease; eradicated worldwide in the 1970s)
Systems/Organs Affected: Systemic; Integumentary; Gastrointestinal
Treatment Originators - Smallpox Vaccine and Eradication:
Edward Jenner
Leslie Collier
Aaron Ismach
Benjamin Rubin
Bill Foege



Starvation

(The lack of adequate nutrients to support a healthy body, often resulting in death)
Systems/Organs Affected: All systems and organs
Treatment Originators:
Norman Borlaug
Carl Bosch
Andre Briend
Fritz Haber
Paul Muller


Stroke
(A sudden insult, resulting in brain tissue death due to lack of blood flow and oxygenation)
Systems/Organs Affected: Brain, Circulatory
Treatment Originators - Preventive Aspirin Therapy:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens

Treatment Originator - Preventive Statins to Lower Cholesterol:
Akira Endo





T

Tetanus
(A potentially fatal bacterial disease of the nervous system
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Nervous System, Musculoskeletal, Respiratory
Treatment Originators - Tetanus Toxoid Vaccine:
Emil von Behring
Shibasaburo Kitasato
Gaston Ramon
Treatment Originators - DPT, leading to new generation Diphtheria/Tetanus Toxoids/Acellular Pertussis Vaccine
Grace Eldering
Pearl Kendrick

Tetralogy of Fallot
(A congenital heart defect, often fatal, that prevents proper levels of oxygen in the blood)
Systems/Organs Affected: Circulatory, Respiratory, Heart
Treatment Originators:
Alfred Blalock
Vivien Thomas


Typhoid Fever
(A potentially fatal illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi, often spread through contaminated water supplies)
Systems/Organs Affected: Gastrointestinal, Integumentary
Treatment Originators - Water Purification/Chlorination:
Abel Wolman
Linn Enslow






U





V





W

Whooping Cough
(A potentially fatal bacterial infection of the respiratory tract, primarily affecting children
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Respiratory
Treatment Originators - DPT, leading to new generation Diphtheria/Tetanus Toxoids/Acellular Pertussis Vaccine
Grace Eldering
Pearl Kendrick








X





Y





Z



















 


medicines_header
# A B C D E F G H I J K L
M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z




#

3TC

(2',3'-dideoxy-3'-thiacytidine; AIDS drug)
Generic
Name(s): Lamivudine
Brand
Name(s): Epivir
Originators:
Gervais Dionne
Bernard Belleau
Francesco Bellini
Nghe Nguyen-Ga


6-Mercaptopurine
(An anti-cancer drug used to fight acute lymphoblastic leukemia)
Generic
Name(s): 6-Mercaptopurin; 6-MP
Brand
Name(s): Purinethol
Originators:
Gertrude Elion
George Hitchings


6-MP
(An anti-cancer drug used to fight acute lymphoblastic leukemia)
Generic
Name(s): 6-Mercaptopurin; 6-MP
Brand
Name(s): Purinethol
Originators:
Gertrude Elion
George Hitchings






A

Acebutolol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug;
Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Acebutolol
Brand
Name(s): Sectral
Originators:
James Black

ActHIB

(Haemophilus influenza type b drug)
Generic Name(s): Haemophilus b conjugate vaccine; HbOC
Brand Name(s): ActHIB; Comvax; PedvaxHIB, Liquid; HibTITER
Originators:
Porter Anderson
David Smith
John Robbins
Rachel Schneerson


Acyclovir
(An antiviral drug used to treat infections of the herpes virus)
Generic
Name(s): Acyclovir
Brand
Name(s): Zovirax
Originators:
Gertrude Elion

Adacel
(Diphtheria, tetanus and
pertussis (whooping cough) prevention drug; newer generation of DPT)
Generic Name(s):
Diphtheria/Tetanus Toxoids/Acellular Pertussis Vaccine; DTap; DTPa; TDaP
Brand
Name(s): Adacel; Boostrix; Daptacel; Infanrix; Tripedia
Originators:
Grace Eldering
Pearl Kendrick


Advicor
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Altocor
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Altoprev
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Amantadine
(A vaccine to protect against influenza
)
Generic Name(s):
Influenza Vaccine;
Influenza Virus Vaccine (Nasal); Amantadine; Oseltamivir; Rimantadine; Zanamivir   
Brand
Name(s): Symmetrel; Tamiflu; Flumadine; Relenza; FluMist
Originators:
Thomas Francis, Jr.


Amoxicillin
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Amoxicillin
Brand Name(s): Amoxil, Polymox; Trimox; Wymox
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Amoxil
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Amoxicillin
Brand Name(s): Amoxil, Polymox; Trimox; Wymox
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Ampicillin
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Ampicillin
Brand Name(s): Omnipen; Polycillin; Polycillin-N; Principen; Totacillin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Apidra
(Diabetes drug)

Generic
Name(s): Insulin Glulisine
Brand
Name(s): Apidra
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


Arthritis Pain
(Salicylate; fights pain, fever and inflammation)
Generic Name(s): Aspirin
Brand Name(s): Arthritis Pain; Aspergum; Aspir-Low; Aspirin Lite Coat; Bayer Aspirin; Bufferin; Easprin; Ecotrin; Empirin; Fasprin; Genacote; Halfprin; Norwich Aspirin; St. Joseph Aspirin; Stanback Analgesic; Tri-Buffered Aspirin; YSP Aspirin; Zorprin
Originators - for prevention of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Aspergum
(Salicylate; fights pain, fever and inflammation)
Generic Name(s): Aspirin
Brand Name(s): Arthritis Pain; Aspergum; Aspir-Low; Aspirin Lite Coat; Bayer Aspirin; Bufferin; Easprin; Ecotrin; Empirin; Fasprin; Genacote; Halfprin; Norwich Aspirin; St. Joseph Aspirin; Stanback Analgesic; Tri-Buffered Aspirin; YSP Aspirin; Zorprin
Originators - for prevention of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Aspirin
(Salicylate; fights pain, fever and inflammation)
Generic Name(s): Aspirin
Brand Name(s): Arthritis Pain; Aspergum; Aspir-Low; Aspirin Lite Coat; Bayer Aspirin; Bufferin; Easprin; Ecotrin; Empirin; Fasprin; Genacote; Halfprin; Norwich Aspirin; St. Joseph Aspirin; Stanback Analgesic; Tri-Buffered Aspirin; YSP Aspirin; Zorprin
Originators - for prevention of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Aspirin Lite Coat
(Salicylate; fights pain, fever and inflammation)
Generic Name(s): Aspirin
Brand Name(s): Arthritis Pain; Aspergum; Aspir-Low; Aspirin Lite Coat; Bayer Aspirin; Bufferin; Easprin; Ecotrin; Empirin; Fasprin; Genacote; Halfprin; Norwich Aspirin; St. Joseph Aspirin; Stanback Analgesic; Tri-Buffered Aspirin; YSP Aspirin; Zorprin
Originators - for prevention of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Aspir-Low
(Salicylate; fights pain, fever and inflammation)
Generic Name(s): Aspirin
Brand Name(s): Arthritis Pain; Aspergum; Aspir-Low; Aspirin Lite Coat; Bayer Aspirin; Bufferin; Easprin; Ecotrin; Empirin; Fasprin; Genacote; Halfprin; Norwich Aspirin; St. Joseph Aspirin; Stanback Analgesic; Tri-Buffered Aspirin; YSP Aspirin; Zorprin
Originators - for prevention of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Atenolol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug;
Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Atenolol
Brand
Name(s): Tenormin
Originators:
James Black

Atorvastatin
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Attenuvax
(Protects against measles
)
Generic
Name(s): Measles Virus Vaccine
Brand
Name(s): Attenuvax
Originators:
John Enders
Thomas Peebles
Samuel Katz
Kevin McCarthy
Milan Milovanovic
Anna Mitus
Ann Holloway
Maurice Hilleman


Avlocardyl
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Propranolol
Brand
Name(s): Inderal; Inderal LA; Avlocardyl; Avlocardyl Retard; Deralin; Dociton; Inderalici; InnoPran XL; Sumial
Originators:
James Black

Avlocardyl Retard
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Propranolol
Brand
Name(s): Inderal; Inderal LA; Avlocardyl; Avlocardyl Retard; Deralin; Dociton; Inderalici; InnoPran XL; Sumial
Originators:
James Black

Azasan
(A kidney transplant rejection drug)
Generic
Name(s): Azathioprine
Brand
Name(s): Azasan; Imuran
Originators:
Gertrude Elion
George Hitchings


Azathioprine

(A kidney transplant rejection drug)
Generic
Name(s): Azathioprine
Brand
Name(s): Azasan; Imuran
Originators:
Gertrude Elion
George Hitchings





B

Bactocil
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Oxacillin
Brand Name(s): Bactocill; Prostaphlin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Baycol (withdrawn 2001)
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Bayer Aspirin
(Salicylate; fights pain, fever and inflammation)
Generic Name(s): Aspirin
Brand Name(s): Arthritis Pain; Aspergum; Aspir-Low; Aspirin Lite Coat; Bayer Aspirin; Bufferin; Easprin; Ecotrin; Empirin; Fasprin; Genacote; Halfprin; Norwich Aspirin; St. Joseph Aspirin; Stanback Analgesic; Tri-Buffered Aspirin; YSP Aspirin; Zorprin
Originators - for prevention of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Becampicillin
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Bacampicillin
Brand Name(s): Spectrobid
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Beepen-VK
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Penicillin V
Brand Name(s): Beepen-VK; Betapen-VK; Ledercillin VK; Pen Vee K; V-Cillin K; Veetids
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Beta Blockers

(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Acebutolol; Atenolol; Betaxolol; Bisoprolol; Carvedilol; Celiprolol; Esmolol; Labetalol; Metoprolol; Nadolol; Nebivolol; Oxprenolol; Pindolol; Sotalol; Propranolol
Brand
Name(s): Sectral; Atenix; Tenormin; Betoptic; Coreg; Cardicor; Cardem; Celipres; Celipro; Celol; Cordiax; Dilanorm; Selectol; Emcor; Eucardic; Celectol; Brevibloc; Normodyne; Trandate; Betaloc; Bystolic; Lopressor; Toprol-XL; Corgard; Nebilet; Trasicor; Coretal; Laracor; Slow-Pren; Tevacor; Trasitensin; Visken; Betapindol; Blockin L; Blocklin L; Calvisken; Cardilate; Decreten; Durapindol; Glauco-Pectobloc; Pinbetol; Prindolol; Pynastin; Beta-Cardone; Sotacor; Sotalex; Zebeta; Betapace; Betapace AF; Inderal; Inderal LA; Avlocardyl; Avlocardyl Retard; Deralin; Dociton; Inderalici; InnoPran XL; Sumial;
Originators:
James Black

Beta-Cardone
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Sotalol
Brand
Name(s): Sotacor; Sotalex; Betapace; Betapace AF; Beta-Cardone
Originators:
James Black

Betapace
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Sotalol
Brand
Name(s): Sotacor; Sotalex; Betapace; Betapace AF; Beta-Cardone
Originators:
James Black

Betapace AF
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Sotalol
Brand
Name(s): Sotacor; Sotalex; Betapace; Betapace AF; Beta-Cardone
Originators:
James Black

Betaloc
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Metoprolol
Brand
Name(s): Lopressor; Toprol-XL; Betaloc
Originators:
James Black

Betapen-VK
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Penicillin V
Brand Name(s): Beepen-VK; Betapen-VK; Ledercillin VK; Pen Vee K; V-Cillin K; Veetids
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Betapindol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Pindolol
Brand
Name(s): Visken; Betapindol; Blockin L; Blocklin L; Calvisken; Cardilate; Decreten; Durapindol; Glauco-Visken; Pectobloc; Pinbetol; Prindolol; Pynastin;
Originators:
James Black

Betaxolol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Betaxolol
Brand
Name(s): Kerlone; Betoptic
Originators:
James Black

Betoptic
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Betaxolol
Brand
Name(s): Kerlone; Betoptic
Originators:
James Black

Bicillin L-A
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Penicillin G
Brand Name(s): Bicillin L-A; Crysticillin 300 A.S.; Pentids; Permapen; Pfizerpen; Pfizerpen-AS; Wycillin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Bisoprolol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Bisoprolol
Brand
Name(s): Zebeta; Cardicor; Emcor
Originators:
James Black

Blockin L
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Pindolol
Brand
Name(s): Visken; Betapindol; Blockin L; Blocklin L; Calvisken; Cardilate; Decreten; Durapindol; Glauco-Visken; Pectobloc; Pinbetol; Prindolol; Pynastin;
Originators:
James Black

Blocklin L
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Pindolol
Brand
Name(s): Visken; Betapindol; Blockin L; Blocklin L; Calvisken; Cardilate; Decreten; Durapindol; Glauco-Visken; Pectobloc; Pinbetol; Prindolol; Pynastin;
Originators:
James Black

Boostrix
(Diphtheria, tetanus and
pertussis (whooping cough) prevention drug; newer generation of DPT)
Generic Name(s):
Diphtheria/Tetanus Toxoids/Acellular Pertussis Vaccine; DTap; DTPa; TDaP
Brand
Name(s): Adacel; Boostrix; Daptacel; Infanrix; Tripedia
Originators:
Grace Eldering
Pearl Kendrick


Brevibloc
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Esmolol
Brand
Name(s): Brevibloc
Originators:
James Black

Bufferin
(Salicylate; fights pain, fever and inflammation)
Generic Name(s): Aspirin
Brand Name(s): Arthritis Pain; Aspergum; Aspir-Low; Aspirin Lite Coat; Bayer Aspirin; Bufferin; Easprin; Ecotrin; Empirin; Fasprin; Genacote; Halfprin; Norwich Aspirin; St. Joseph Aspirin; Stanback Analgesic; Tri-Buffered Aspirin; YSP Aspirin; Zorprin
Originators - for prevention of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Bystolic
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Nebivolol
Brand
Name(s): Bystolic
Originators:
James Black




C

Caduet
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Calvisken

(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Pindolol
Brand
Name(s): Visken; Betapindol; Blockin L; Blocklin L; Calvisken; Cardilate; Decreten; Durapindol; Glauco-Visken; Pectobloc; Pinbetol; Prindolol; Pynastin;
Originators:
James Black

Carbenicillin
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Carbenicillin
Brand Name(s): Geocillin; Geopen
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Cardem

(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic Name(s):
Celiprolol
Brand
Name(s): Cardem; Celipres; Celipro; Celol; Cordiax; Dilanorm; Selectol; Celectol
Originators:
James Black

Cardicor
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Bisoprolol
Brand
Name(s): Zebeta; Cardicor; Emcor
Originators:
James Black

Cardilate
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Pindolol
Brand
Name(s): Visken; Betapindol; Blockin L; Blocklin L; Calvisken; Cardilate; Decreten; Durapindol; Glauco-Visken; Pectobloc; Pinbetol; Prindolol; Pynastin;
Originators:
James Black

Carvedilol

(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Carvedilol
Brand
Name(s): Coreg; Eucardic
Originators:
James Black

Celectol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic Name(s):
Celiprolol
Brand
Name(s): Cardem; Celipres; Celipro; Celol; Cordiax; Dilanorm; Selectol; Celectol
Originators:
James Black

Celipres
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic Name(s):
Celiprolol
Brand
Name(s): Cardem; Celipres; Celipro; Celol; Cordiax; Dilanorm; Selectol; Celectol
Originators:
James Black

Celirpro
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic Name(s):
Celiprolol
Brand
Name(s): Cardem; Celipres; Celipro; Celol; Cordiax; Dilanorm; Selectol; Celectol
Originators:
James Black

Celiprolol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Celiprolol
Brand
Name(s): Cardem; Celipres; Celipro; Celol; Cordiax; Dilanorm; Selectol; Celectol
Originators:
James Black

Celol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic Name(s):
Celiprolol
Brand
Name(s): Cardem; Celipres; Celipro; Celol; Cordiax; Dilanorm; Selectol; Celectol
Originators:
James Black

Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001)
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Cloxacillin
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Cloxacillin
Brand Name(s): Cloxapen
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Cloxapen
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Cloxacillin
Brand Name(s): Cloxapen
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Comvax

(Haemophilus influenza type b drug)
Generic
Name(s): Haemophilus b conjugate vaccine; HbOC
Brand Name(s): ActHIB; Comvax; PedvaxHIB, Liquid; HibTITER
Originators:
Porter Anderson
David Smith
John Robbins
Rachel Schneerson


Corbeton
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Oxprenolol
Brand
Name(s): Trasicor; Coretal; Laracor; Slow-Pren; Tevacor; Trasitensin; Corbeton
Originators:
James Black

Cordiax
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic Name(s):
Celiprolol
Brand
Name(s): Cardem; Celipres; Celipro; Celol; Cordiax; Dilanorm; Selectol; Celectol
Originators:
James Black

Coreg
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Carvedilol
Brand
Name(s): Coreg
Originators:
James Black

Coretal
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Oxprenolol
Brand
Name(s): Trasicor; Coretal; Laracor; Slow-Pren; Tevacor; Trasitensin; Corbeton
Originators:
James Black

Corgard
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Nadolol
Brand
Name(s): Corgard
Originators:
James Black

Crestor
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Crysticillin 300 A.S.
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Penicillin G
Brand Name(s): Bicillin L-A; Crysticillin 300 A.S.; Pentids; Permapen; Pfizerpen; Pfizerpen-AS; Wycillin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


 


D

Daptacel
(Diphtheria, tetanus and
pertussis (whooping cough) prevention drug; newer generation of DPT)
Generic Name(s):
Diphtheria/Tetanus Toxoids/Acellular Pertussis Vaccine; DTap; DTPa; TDaP
Brand
Name(s): Adacel; Boostrix; Daptacel; Infanrix; Tripedia
Originators:
Grace Eldering
Pearl Kendrick


Decreten

(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Pindolol
Brand
Name(s): Visken; Betapindol; Blockin L; Blocklin L; Calvisken; Cardilate; Decreten; Durapindol; Glauco-Visken; Pectobloc; Pinbetol; Prindolol; Pynastin;
Originators:
James Black

Deralin
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Propranolol
Brand
Name(s): Inderal; Inderal LA; Avlocardyl; Avlocardyl Retard; Deralin; Dociton; Inderalici; InnoPran XL; Sumial
Originators:
James Black

Dicloxacillin
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Dicloxacillin
Brand Name(s): Dycill; Dynapen; Pathocil
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Dilanorm

(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic Name(s):
Celiprolol
Brand
Name(s): Cardem; Celipres; Celipro; Celol; Cordiax; Dilanorm; Selectol; Celectol
Originators:
James Black

Diphtheria Antitoxin
(Diphtheria treatment and/or prevention drug
)
Generic Name(s):
Diphtheria Antitoxin
Brand
Name(s): Diphtheria Antitoxin
Originators:
Paul Ehrlich
Emil von Behring
Shibasaburo Kitasato
Gaston Ramon

Diphtheria/Tetanus Toxoids/Acellular Pertussis Vaccine Antitoxin
(Diphtheria, tetanus and
pertussis (whooping cough) prevention drug; newer generation of DPT)
Generic Name(s):
Diphtheria/Tetanus Toxoids/Acellular Pertussis Vaccine; DTap; DTPa; TDaP
Brand
Name(s): Adacel; Boostrix; Daptacel; Infanrix; Tripedia
Originators:
Grace Eldering
Pearl Kendrick


Dociton
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Propranolol
Brand
Name(s): Inderal; Inderal LA; Avlocardyl; Avlocardyl Retard; Deralin; Dociton; Inderalici; InnoPran XL; Sumial
Originators:
James Black

Dryvax
(A vaccine that immunizes individuals against smallpox
)
Generic
Name(s): Smallpox Vaccine
Brand
Name(s): Dryvax
Originators:
Edward Jenner
Leslie Collier
Aaron Ismach
Benjamin Rubin
Bill Foege


DTaP
(Diphtheria, tetanus and
pertussis (whooping cough) prevention drug; newer generation of DPT)
Generic Name(s):
Diphtheria/Tetanus Toxoids/Acellular Pertussis Vaccine; DTap; DTPa; TDaP
Brand
Name(s): Adacel; Boostrix; Daptacel; Infanrix; Tripedia
Originators:
Grace Eldering
Pearl Kendrick


DTPa
(Diphtheria, tetanus and
pertussis (whooping cough) prevention drug; newer generation of DPT)
Generic Name(s):
Diphtheria/Tetanus Toxoids/Acellular Pertussis Vaccine; DTap; DTPa; TDaP
Brand
Name(s): Adacel; Boostrix; Daptacel; Infanrix; Tripedia
Originators:
Grace Eldering
Pearl Kendrick



Durapindol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Pindolol
Brand
Name(s): Visken; Betapindol; Blockin L; Blocklin L; Calvisken; Cardilate; Decreten; Durapindol; Glauco-Visken; Pectobloc; Pinbetol; Prindolol; Pynastin;
Originators:
James Black

Dycill
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Dicloxacillin
Brand Name(s): Dycill; Dynapen; Pathocil
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain

Dynapen
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Dicloxacillin
Brand Name(s): Dycill; Dynapen; Pathocil
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain





E

Easprin
(Salicylate; fights pain, fever and inflammation)
Generic Name(s): Aspirin
Brand Name(s): Arthritis Pain; Aspergum; Aspir-Low; Aspirin Lite Coat; Bayer Aspirin; Bufferin; Easprin; Ecotrin; Empirin; Fasprin; Genacote; Halfprin; Norwich Aspirin; St. Joseph Aspirin; Stanback Analgesic; Tri-Buffered Aspirin; YSP Aspirin; Zorprin
Originators - for prevention of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Ecotrin
(Salicylate; fights pain, fever and inflammation)
Generic Name(s): Aspirin
Brand Name(s): Arthritis Pain; Aspergum; Aspir-Low; Aspirin Lite Coat; Bayer Aspirin; Bufferin; Easprin; Ecotrin; Empirin; Fasprin; Genacote; Halfprin; Norwich Aspirin; St. Joseph Aspirin; Stanback Analgesic; Tri-Buffered Aspirin; YSP Aspirin; Zorprin
Originators - for prevention of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Emcor

(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Bisoprolol
Brand
Name(s): Zebeta; Cardicor; Emcor
Originators:
James Black

Empirin
(Salicylate; fights pain, fever and inflammation)
Generic Name(s): Aspirin
Brand Name(s): Arthritis Pain; Aspergum; Aspir-Low; Aspirin Lite Coat; Bayer Aspirin; Bufferin; Easprin; Ecotrin; Empirin; Fasprin; Genacote; Halfprin; Norwich Aspirin; St. Joseph Aspirin; Stanback Analgesic; Tri-Buffered Aspirin; YSP Aspirin; Zorprin
Originators - for prevention of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Engerix-B
(Hepatitis drug
)
Generic
Name(s): Hepatitis b vaccine
Brand
Name(s): Engerix-B; Engerix-B Pediatric; Recombivax HB; Recombivax HB Adult; Recombivax HB Dialysis Formulation; Recombivax HB Pediatric/Adolescent
Originators:
Baruch Blumberg
Kenneth Murray
Irving Millman


Engerix-B Pediatric
(Hepatitis drug
)
Generic
Name(s): Hepatitis b vaccine
Brand
Name(s): Engerix-B; Engerix-B Pediatric; Recombivax HB; Recombivax HB Adult; Recombivax HB Dialysis Formulation; Recombivax HB Pediatric/Adolescent
Originators:
Baruch Blumberg
Kenneth Murray
Irving Millman


Epivir

(AIDS drug)

Generic
Name(s): Lamivudine
Brand
Name(s): Epivir
Originators:
Gervais Dionne
Bernard Belleau
Francesco Bellini
Nghe Nguyen-Ga


Esmolol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Esmolol
Brand
Name(s): Brevibloc
Originators:
James Black

Eucardic
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Carvedilol
Brand
Name(s): Coreg; Eucardic
Originators:
James Black

Ezetimibe/Simvastatin
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo



F

Fasprin
(Salicylate; fights pain, fever and inflammation)
Generic Name(s): Aspirin
Brand Name(s): Arthritis Pain; Aspergum; Aspir-Low; Aspirin Lite Coat; Bayer Aspirin; Bufferin; Easprin; Ecotrin; Empirin; Fasprin; Genacote; Halfprin; Norwich Aspirin; St. Joseph Aspirin; Stanback Analgesic; Tri-Buffered Aspirin; YSP Aspirin; Zorprin
Originators - for prevention of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Flopen

(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Flucloxacillin
Brand Name(s): Flopen; Floxapen; Staphcillin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Floxapen
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Flucloxacillin
Brand Name(s): Flopen; Floxapen; Staphcillin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Flucloxacillin

(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Flucloxacillin
Brand Name(s): Flopen; Floxapen; Staphcillin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Flumadine
(A vaccine to protect against influenza
)
Generic Name(s):
Influenza Vaccine;
Influenza Virus Vaccine (Nasal); Amantadine; Oseltamivir; Rimantadine; Zanamivir   
Brand
Name(s): Symmetrel; Tamiflu; Flumadine; Relenza; FluMist
Originators:
Thomas Francis, Jr.

FluMist
(A vaccine to protect against influenza
)
Generic Name(s):
Influenza Vaccine;
Influenza Virus Vaccine (Nasal); Amantadine; Oseltamivir; Rimantadine; Zanamivir   
Brand
Name(s): Symmetrel; Tamiflu; Flumadine; Relenza; FluMist
Originators:
Thomas Francis, Jr.

Fluvastatin
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo





G

Genacote
(Salicylate; fights pain, fever and inflammation)
Generic Name(s): Aspirin
Brand Name(s): Arthritis Pain; Aspergum; Aspir-Low; Aspirin Lite Coat; Bayer Aspirin; Bufferin; Easprin; Ecotrin; Empirin; Fasprin; Genacote; Halfprin; Norwich Aspirin; St. Joseph Aspirin; Stanback Analgesic; Tri-Buffered Aspirin; YSP Aspirin; Zorprin
Originators - for prevention of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Geocillin

(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Carbenicillin
Brand Name(s): Geocillin; Geopen
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Geopen
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Carbenicillin
Brand Name(s): Geocillin; Geopen
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Glauco-Visken

(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Pindolol
Brand
Name(s): Visken; Betapindol; Blockin L; Blocklin L; Calvisken; Cardilate; Decreten; Durapindol; Glauco-Visken; Pectobloc; Pinbetol; Prindolol; Pynastin;
Originators:
James Black

Gleevec
(Leukemia drug
; also for Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors)
Generic
Name(s): Imatinib
Brand
Name(s): Gleevec
Originators:
Brian Druker
Nicholas Lydon
Charles Sawyers
 



H

Haemophilus b conjugate vaccine; HbOC
(Haemophilus influenza type b drug)
Generic Name(s): Haemophilus b conjugate vaccine; HbOC
Brand Name(s): ActHIB; Comvax; PedvaxHIB, Liquid; HibTITER
Originators:
Porter Anderson
David Smith
John Robbins
Rachel Schneerson


Halfprin
(Salicylate; fights pain, fever and inflammation)
Generic Name(s): Aspirin
Brand Name(s): Arthritis Pain; Aspergum; Aspir-Low; Aspirin Lite Coat; Bayer Aspirin; Bufferin; Easprin; Ecotrin; Empirin; Fasprin; Genacote; Halfprin; Norwich Aspirin; St. Joseph Aspirin; Stanback Analgesic; Tri-Buffered Aspirin; YSP Aspirin; Zorprin
Originators - for prevention of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Hepatitis b vaccine
(Hepatitis drug
)
Generic
Name(s): Hepatitis b vaccine
Brand
Name(s): Engerix-B; Engerix-B Pediatric; Recombivax HB; Recombivax HB Adult; Recombivax HB Dialysis Formulation; Recombivax HB Pediatric/Adolescent
Originators:
Baruch Blumberg
Kenneth Murray
Irving Millman


HibTITER
(Haemophilus influenza type b drug)
Generic
Name(s): Haemophilus b conjugate vaccine; HbOC
Brand Name(s): ActHIB; Comvax; PedvaxHIB, Liquid; HibTITER
Originators:
Porter Anderson
David Smith
John Robbins
Rachel Schneerson


Humalog
(Diabetes drug)

Generic
Name(s): Insulin Lispro
Brand
Name(s): Humalog
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


Humulin L
(Diabetes drug)

Generic
Name(s): Insulin Lente
Brand
Name(s): Humulin L; Novolin L
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


Humulin N
(Diabetes drug)

Generic
Name(s): Insulin NPH
Brand
Name(s): Humulin N; Novolin N
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


Humulin R
(Diabetes drug)

Generic
Name(s): Insulin Regular
Brand
Name(s): Humulin R; Novolin R; Velosulin
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


HyperRHO S/D Full-Dose
(Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn drug
)
Generic
Name(s): Rho(D) Immune Globulin (Human)
Brand
Name(s): HyperRHO S/D Full-Dose; HyperRHO S/D Mini-Dose; MICRhoGAM; RhoGAM; Rhophylac; WinRho SDF
Originators:
Ronald Finn

HyperRHO S/D Mini-Dose
(Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn drug
)
Generic
Name(s): Rho(D) Immune Globulin (Human)
Brand
Name(s): HyperRHO S/D Full-Dose; HyperRHO S/D Mini-Dose; MICRhoGAM; RhoGAM; Rhophylac; WinRho SDF
Originators:
Ronald Finn




I

Imatinib
(Leukemia drug
; also for Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors)
Generic
Name(s): Imatinib
Brand
Name(s): Gleevec
Originators:
Brian Druker
Nicholas Lydon
Charles Sawyers

Imuran
(A kidney transplant rejection drug)
Generic
Name(s): Azathioprine
Brand
Name(s): Azasan; Imuran
Originators:
Gertrude Elion
George Hitchings


Inderal

(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Propranolol
Brand
Name(s): Inderal; Inderal LA; Avlocardyl; Avlocardyl Retard; Deralin; Dociton; Inderalici; InnoPran XL; Sumial
Originators:
James Black

Inderalici
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Propranolol
Brand
Name(s): Inderal; Inderal LA; Avlocardyl; Avlocardyl Retard; Deralin; Dociton; Inderalici; InnoPran XL; Sumial
Originators:
James Black

Inderal LA
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Propranolol
Brand
Name(s): Inderal; Inderal LA; Avlocardyl; Avlocardyl Retard; Deralin; Dociton; Inderalici; InnoPran XL; Sumial
Originators:
James Black

Infanrix
(Diphtheria, tetanus and
pertussis (whooping cough) prevention drug; newer generation of DPT)
Generic Name(s):
Diphtheria/Tetanus Toxoids/Acellular Pertussis Vaccine; DTap; DTPa; TDaP
Brand
Name(s): Adacel; Boostrix; Daptacel; Infanrix; Tripedia
Originators:
Grace Eldering
Pearl Kendrick


Influenza Vaccine
(A vaccine to protect against influenza
)
Generic Name(s):
Influenza Vaccine;
Influenza Virus Vaccine (Nasal); Amantadine; Oseltamivir; Rimantadine; Zanamivir   
Brand
Name(s): Symmetrel; Tamiflu; Flumadine; Relenza; FluMist
Originators:
Thomas Francis, Jr.

Influenza Virus Vaccine (Nasal)
(A vaccine to protect against influenza
)
Generic Name(s):
Influenza Vaccine;
Influenza Virus Vaccine (Nasal); Amantadine; Oseltamivir; Rimantadine; Zanamivir   
Brand
Name(s): Symmetrel; Tamiflu; Flumadine; Relenza; FluMist
Originators:
Thomas Francis, Jr.


InnoPran XL
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Propranolol
Brand
Name(s): Inderal; Inderal LA; Avlocardyl; Avlocardyl Retard; Deralin; Dociton; Inderalici; InnoPran XL; Sumial
Originators:
James Black

Insulin Aspart

(Diabetes drug)

Generic
Name(s): Insulin Aspart
Brand
Name(s): Novolog
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


Insulin Detemir
(Diabetes drug)

Generic
Name(s): Insulin Detemir
Brand
Name(s): Levemir
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


Insulin Glargine
(Diabetes drug)

Generic
Name(s): Insulin Glargine
Brand
Name(s): Lantus
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


Insulin Glulisine
(Diabetes drug)

Generic
Name(s): Insulin Glulisine
Brand
Name(s): Apidra
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


Insulin Lente
(Diabetes drug)

Generic
Name(s): Insulin Lente
Brand
Name(s): Humulin L; Novolin L
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


Insulin Lispro

(Diabetes drug)

Generic
Name(s): Insulin Lispro
Brand
Name(s): Humalog
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


Insulin NPH
(Diabetes drug)

Generic
Name(s): Insulin NPH
Brand
Name(s): Humulin N; Novolin N
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


Insulin Regular
(Diabetes drug)

Generic
Name(s): Insulin Regular
Brand
Name(s): Humulin R; Novolin R; Velosulin
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


IPOL
(Protects against polio; not routinely used for children)
Generic Name(s): Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated
Brand Name(s): IPOL, Poliovax
Originators:
John Enders
Jonas Salk
Thomas Weller
Frederick Robbins
Thomas Francis, Jr.





J



K

Kerlone
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Betaxolol
Brand
Name(s): Kerlone
Originators:
James Black

 



L

Labetalol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Labetalol
Brand
Name(s): Normodyne; Trandate
Originators:
James Black

Lamivudine

(AIDS drug)

Generic
Name(s): Lamivudine
Brand
Name(s): Epivir
Originators:
Gervais Dionne
Bernard Belleau
Francesco Bellini
Nghe Nguyen-Ga


Lantus
(Diabetes drug)

Generic
Name(s): Insulin Glargine
Brand
Name(s): Lantus
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


Laracor
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Oxprenolol
Brand
Name(s): Trasicor; Coretal; Laracor; Slow-Pren; Tevacor; Trasitensin;Corbeton
Originators:
James Black

Ledercillin VK
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Penicillin V
Brand Name(s): Beepen-VK; Betapen-VK; Ledercillin VK; Pen Vee K; V-Cillin K; Veetids
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Lescol
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Lescol XL
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Levemir
(Diabetes drug)

Generic
Name(s): Insulin Detemir
Brand
Name(s): Levemir
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


Lipex
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Lipitor
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Lipobay (withdrawn 2001)
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Lipostat
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Livalo
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Lopressor
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Metoprolol
Brand
Name(s): Lopressor; Toprol-XL
Originators:
James Black

Lovastatin
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Lovastatin/Niacin ER
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo



M

Measles Virus Vaccine
(Protects
against measles)
Generic
Name(s): Measles Virus Vaccine
Brand
Name(s): Attenuvax
Originators:
John Enders
Thomas Peebles
Samuel Katz
Kevin McCarthy
Milan Milovanovic
Anna Mitus
Ann Holloway
Maurice Hilleman


Metropolol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Metoprolol
Brand
Name(s): Lopressor; Toprol-XL; Betaloc
Originators:
James Black

Mevacor
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Mevastatin
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Mezlin
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Mezlocillin
Brand Name(s): Mezlin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Mezlocillin

(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Mezlocillin
Brand Name(s): Mezlin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


MICRhoGAM
(Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn drug
)
Generic
Name(s): Rho(D) Immune Globulin (Human)
Brand
Name(s): HyperRHO S/D Full-Dose; HyperRHO S/D Mini-Dose; MICRhoGAM; RhoGAM; Rhophylac; WinRho SDF
Originators:
Ronald Finn



N

Nadolol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Nadolol
Brand
Name(s): Corgard
Originators:
James Black

Nafcil
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Nafcillin
Brand Name(s): Nafcil; Nallpen; Unipen
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Nafcillin
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Nafcillin
Brand Name(s): Nafcil; Nallpen; Unipen
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Nallpen
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Nafcillin
Brand Name(s): Nafcil; Nallpen; Unipen
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Nebilet
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Nebivolol
Brand
Name(s): Bystolic; Nebilet
Originators:
James Black

Nebivolol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Nebivolol
Brand
Name(s): Bystolic; Nebilet
Originators:
James Black

Normodyne

(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Labetalol
Brand
Name(s): Normodyne; Trandate
Originators:
James Black

Norwich Aspirin
(Salicylate; fights pain, fever and inflammation)
Generic Name(s): Aspirin
Brand Name(s): Arthritis Pain; Aspergum; Aspir-Low; Aspirin Lite Coat; Bayer Aspirin; Bufferin; Easprin; Ecotrin; Empirin; Fasprin; Genacote; Halfprin; Norwich Aspirin; St. Joseph Aspirin; Stanback Analgesic; Tri-Buffered Aspirin; YSP Aspirin; Zorprin
Originators - for prevention of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Novolin L

(Diabetes drug)

Generic
Name(s): Insulin Lente
Brand
Name(s): Humulin L; Novolin L
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


Novolin N

(Diabetes drug)

Generic Name:
Insulin NPH
Brand Name:
Humulin N; Novolin N
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


Novolin R

(Diabetes drug)

Generic
Name(s): Insulin Regular
Brand
Name(s): Humulin R; Novolin R; Velosulin
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


Novolog

(Diabetes drug)

Generic
Name(s): Insulin Aspart
Brand
Name(s): Novolog
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod




O

Omnipen
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Ampicillin
Brand Name(s): Omnipen; Polycillin; Polycillin-N; Principen; Totacillin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Orimune
(Protects against polio)
Generic Name(s): Poliovirus Vaccine, Live (Oral Route)
Brand Name(s): Orimune
Originators:
John Enders
Albert Sabin
Thomas Weller
Frederick Robbins


Oseltamivir
(A vaccine to protect against influenza
)
Generic Name(s):
Influenza Vaccine;
Influenza Virus Vaccine (Nasal); Amantadine; Oseltamivir; Rimantadine; Zanamivir   
Brand
Name(s): Symmetrel; Tamiflu; Flumadine; Relenza; FluMist
Originators:
Thomas Francis, Jr.

Oxacillin
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Oxacillin
Brand Name(s): Bactocill; Prostaphlin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Oxprenolol

(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Oxprenolol
Brand
Name(s): Trasicor; Coretal; Laracor; Slow-Pren; Tevacor; Trasitensin; Corbeton
Originators:
James Black
 



P

Pathocil
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Dicloxacillin
Brand Name(s): Dycill; Dynapen; Pathocil
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Pectobloc

(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Pindolol
Brand
Name(s): Visken; Betapindol; Blockin L; Blocklin L; Calvisken; Cardilate; Decreten; Durapindol; Glauco-Visken; Pectobloc; Pinbetol; Prindolol; Pynastin;
Originators:
James Black

PedvaxHIB
(Haemophilus influenza type b drug)
Generic Name(s): Haemophilus b conjugate vaccine; HbOC
Brand Name(s): ActHIB; Comvax; PedvaxHIB, Liquid; HibTITER
Originators:
Porter Anderson
David Smith
John Robbins
Rachel Schneerson


Penicillin
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Amoxicillin; Ampicillin; Bacampicillin; Carbenicillin; Cloxacillin; Dicloxacillin; Flucloxacillin; Mezlocillin; Nafcillin; Oxacillin; Penicillin G; Penicillin V; Piperacillin; Pivampicillin; Pivmecillinam; Ticarcillin
Brand Name(s): Amoxil, Bactocill,Beepen-VK, Betapen-VK,Bicillin L-A,Cloxapen; Crysticillin 300 A.S.; Dycill; Dynapen; Flopen; Floxapen; Geocillin; Geopen; Ledercillin VK; Mezlin; Nafcil; Nallpen; Omnipen; Pathocil; Pentids; Pen Vee K; Permapen; Pfizerpen; Pfizerpen-AS; Pipracil; Polycillin; Polycillin-N; Polymox; Principen; Prostaphlin; Spectrobid; Staphcillin; Ticar; Totacillin; Trimox; Unipen; V-Cillin K; Veetids; Wycillin; Wymox
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Penicillin G
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Penicillin G
Brand Name(s): Bicillin L-A; Crysticillin 300 A.S.; Pentids; Permapen; Pfizerpen; Pfizerpen-AS; Wycillin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Penicillin V
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Penicillin V
Brand Name(s): Beepen-VK; Betapen-VK; Ledercillin VK; Pen Vee K; V-Cillin K; Veetids;
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Pentids
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Penicillin G
Brand Name(s): Bicillin L-A; Crysticillin 300 A.S.; Pentids; Permapen; Pfizerpen; Pfizerpen-AS; Wycillin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Permapen
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Penicillin G
Brand Name(s): Bicillin L-A; Crysticillin 300 A.S.; Pentids; Permapen; Pfizerpen; Pfizerpen-AS; Wycillin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Pe Vee K
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Penicillin V
Brand Name(s): Beepen-VK; Betapen-VK; Ledercillin VK; Pen Vee K; V-Cillin K; Veetids
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Pfizerpen
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Penicillin G
Brand Name(s): Bicillin L-A; Crysticillin 300 A.S.; Pentids; Permapen; Pfizerpen; Pfizerpen-AS; Wycillin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Pfizerpen-AS
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Penicillin G
Brand Name(s): Bicillin L-A; Crysticillin 300 A.S.; Pentids; Permapen; Pfizerpen; Pfizerpen-AS; Wycillin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Pinbetol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Pindolol
Brand
Name(s): Visken; Betapindol; Blockin L; Blocklin L; Calvisken; Cardilate; Decreten; Durapindol; Glauco-Visken; Pectobloc; Pinbetol; Prindolol; Pynastin;
Originators:
James Black

Pindolol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Pindolol
Brand
Name(s): Visken; Betapindol; Blockin L; Blocklin L; Calvisken; Cardilate; Decreten; Durapindol; Glauco-Visken; Pectobloc; Pinbetol; Prindolol; Pynastin;
Originators:
James Black

Piperacillin
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Piperacillin
Brand Name(s): Pipracil
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Pipracil
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Piperacillin
Brand Name(s): Pipracil
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Pitava
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Pitavastatin
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Pivampicillin
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s)Pivampicillin
Brand Name(s):
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Pivmecillinam
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Pivmecillinam
Brand Name(s):
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Polio Vaccine, Inactivated
(Protects against polio; not routinely used for children)
Generic Name(s): Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated
Brand Name(s): IPOL, Poliovax
Originators:
John Enders
Jonas Salk
Thomas Weller
Frederick Robbins
Thomas Francis, Jr.


Poliovax
(Protects against polio; not routinely used for children)
Generic Name(s): Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated
Brand Name(s): IPOL, Poliovax
Originators:
John Enders
Jonas Salk
Thomas Weller
Frederick Robbins
Thomas Francis, Jr.


Poliovirus Vaccine, Live (Oral Route)
(Protects against polio)
Generic Name(s): Poliovirus Vaccine, Live (Oral Route)
Brand Name(s): Orimune
Originators:
John Enders
Albert Sabin
Thomas Weller
Frederick Robbins

Polycillin
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Ampicillin
Brand Name(s): Omnipen; Polycillin; Polycillin-N; Principen; Totacillin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Polycillin-N
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Ampicillin
Brand Name(s): Omnipen; Polycillin; Polycillin-N; Principen; Totacillin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Polymox
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Amoxicillin
Brand Name(s): Amoxil, Polymox; Trimox; Wymox
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Pravachol
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Pravastatin
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Principen
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Ampicillin
Brand Name(s): Omnipen; Polycillin; Polycillin-N; Principen; Totacillin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Prindolol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Pindolol
Brand
Name(s): Visken; Betapindol; Blockin L; Blocklin L; Calvisken; Cardilate; Decreten; Durapindol; Glauco-Visken; Pectobloc; Pinbetol; Prindolol; Pynastin;
Originators:
James Black

Propranolol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Propranolol
Brand
Name(s): Inderal; Inderal LA; Avlocardyl; Avlocardyl Retard; Deralin; Dociton; Inderalici; InnoPran XL; Sumial
Originators:
James Black

Prostaphlin
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Oxacillin
Brand Name(s): Bactocill; Prostaphlin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Purinethol
(An anti-cancer drug used to fight acute lymphoblastic leukemia)
Generic
Name(s): 6-Mercaptopurin; 6-MP
Brand
Name(s): Purinethol
Originators:
Gertrude Elion
George Hitchings


Pynastin
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Pindolol
Brand
Name(s): Visken; Betapindol; Blockin L; Blocklin L; Calvisken; Cardilate; Decreten; Durapindol; Glauco-Visken; Pectobloc; Pinbetol; Prindolol; Pynastin;
Originators:
James Black




Q



R

Recombivax HB
(Hepatitis drug
)
Generic
Name(s): Hepatitis b vaccine
Brand
Name(s): Engerix-B; Engerix-B Pediatric; Recombivax HB; Recombivax HB Adult; Recombivax HB Dialysis Formulation; Recombivax HB Pediatric/Adolescent
Originators:
Baruch Blumberg
Kenneth Murray
Irving Millman


Recombivax HB Adult
(Hepatitis drug
)
Generic
Name(s): Hepatitis b vaccine
Brand
Name(s): Engerix-B; Engerix-B Pediatric; Recombivax HB; Recombivax HB Adult; Recombivax HB Dialysis Formulation; Recombivax HB Pediatric/Adolescent
Originators:
Baruch Blumberg
Kenneth Murray
Irving Millman


Recombivax HB Dialysis Formulation
(Hepatitis drug
)
Generic
Name(s): Hepatitis b vaccine
Brand
Name(s): Engerix-B; Engerix-B Pediatric; Recombivax HB; Recombivax HB Adult; Recombivax HB Dialysis Formulation; Recombivax HB Pediatric/Adolescent
Originators:
Baruch Blumberg
Kenneth Murray
Irving Millman


Recombivax HB Pediatric/Adolescent
(Hepatitis drug
)
Generic
Name(s): Hepatitis b vaccine
Brand
Name(s): Engerix-B; Engerix-B Pediatric; Recombivax HB; Recombivax HB Adult; Recombivax HB Dialysis Formulation; Recombivax HB Pediatric/Adolescent
Originators:
Baruch Blumberg
Kenneth Murray
Irving Millman


Relenza
(A vaccine to protect against influenza
)
Generic Name(s):
Influenza Vaccine;
Influenza Virus Vaccine (Nasal); Amantadine; Oseltamivir; Rimantadine; Zanamivir   
Brand
Name(s): Symmetrel; Tamiflu; Flumadine; Relenza; FluMist
Originators:
Thomas Francis, Jr.


RHo(D) Immune Globulin (Human)
(Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn drug
)
Generic
Name(s): Rho(D) Immune Globulin (Human)
Brand
Name(s): HyperRHO S/D Full-Dose; HyperRHO S/D Mini-Dose; MICRhoGAM; RhoGAM; Rhophylac; WinRho SDF
Originators:
Ronald Finn

RhoGam
(Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn drug
)
Generic
Name(s): Rho(D) Immune Globulin (Human)
Brand
Name(s): HyperRHO S/D Full-Dose; HyperRHO S/D Mini-Dose; MICRhoGAM; RhoGAM; Rhophylac; WinRho SDF
Originators:
Ronald Finn

Rhophytac
(Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn drug
)
Generic
Name(s): Rho(D) Immune Globulin (Human)
Brand
Name(s): HyperRHO S/D Full-Dose; HyperRHO S/D Mini-Dose; MICRhoGAM; RhoGAM; Rhophylac; WinRho SDF
Originators:
Ronald Finn

Rimantadine
(A vaccine to protect against influenza
)
Generic Name(s):
Influenza Vaccine;
Influenza Virus Vaccine (Nasal); Amantadine; Oseltamivir; Rimantadine; Zanamivir   
Brand
Name(s): Symmetrel; Tamiflu; Flumadine; Relenza; FluMist
Originators:
Thomas Francis, Jr.


Rosuvastatin
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo



S

St. Joseph Aspirin
(Salicylate; fights pain, fever and inflammation)
Generic Name(s): Aspirin
Brand Name(s): Arthritis Pain; Aspergum; Aspir-Low; Aspirin Lite Coat; Bayer Aspirin; Bufferin; Easprin; Ecotrin; Empirin; Fasprin; Genacote; Halfprin; Norwich Aspirin; St. Joseph Aspirin; Stanback Analgesic; Tri-Buffered Aspirin; YSP Aspirin; Zorprin
Originators - for prevention of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Sectral

(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug;
Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Acebutolol
Brand
Name(s): Sectral
Originators:
James Black

Selectol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic Name(s):
Celiprolol
Brand
Name(s): Cardem; Celipres; Celipro; Celol; Cordiax; Dilanorm; Selectol; Celectol
Originators:
James Black

Selektine
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Simcor
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Simvastatin
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Simvastatin/Niacin ER
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Slow-Pren
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Oxprenolol
Brand
Name(s): Trasicor; Coretal; Laracor; Slow-Pren; Tevacor; Trasitensin; Corbeton
Originators:
James Black

Smallpox Vaccine
(A vaccine that immunizes individuals against smallpox
)
Generic
Name(s): Smallpox Vaccine
Brand
Name(s): Dryvax
Originators:
Edward Jenner
Leslie Collier
Aaron Ismach
Benjamin Rubin
Bill Foege



Sotacor
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Sotalol
Brand
Name(s): Sotacor; Sotalex; Betapace; Betapace AF; Beta-Cardone
Originators:
James Black

Sotalex
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Sotalol
Brand
Name(s): Sotacor; Sotalex; Betapace; Betapace AF; Beta-Cardone
Originators:
James Black

Sotalol
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Sotalol
Brand
Name(s): Sotacor; Sotalex; Betapace; Betapace AF; Beta-Cardone
Originators:
James Black

Spectrobid
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Bacampicillin
Brand Name(s): Spectrobid
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Stanback Analgesic
(Salicylate; fights pain, fever and inflammation)
Generic Name(s): Aspirin
Brand Name(s): Arthritis Pain; Aspergum; Aspir-Low; Aspirin Lite Coat; Bayer Aspirin; Bufferin; Easprin; Ecotrin; Empirin; Fasprin; Genacote; Halfprin; Norwich Aspirin; St. Joseph Aspirin; Stanback Analgesic; Tri-Buffered Aspirin; YSP Aspirin; Zorprin
Originators - for prevention of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Staphcillin
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Flucloxacillin
Brand Name(s): Flopen; Floxapen; Staphcillin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Statins
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Sumial
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Propranolol
Brand
Name(s): Inderal; Inderal LA; Avlocardyl; Avlocardyl Retard; Deralin; Dociton; Inderalici; InnoPran XL; Sumial
Originators:
James Black

Symmetrel
(A vaccine to protect against influenza
)
Generic Name(s):
Influenza Vaccine;
Influenza Virus Vaccine (Nasal); Amantadine; Oseltamivir; Rimantadine; Zanamivir   
Brand
Name(s): Symmetrel; Tamiflu; Flumadine; Relenza; FluMist
Originators:
Thomas Francis, Jr.

 


T

Tamiflu
(A vaccine to protect against influenza
)
Generic Name(s):
Influenza Vaccine;
Influenza Virus Vaccine (Nasal); Amantadine; Oseltamivir; Rimantadine; Zanamivir   
Brand
Name(s): Symmetrel; Tamiflu; Flumadine; Relenza; FluMist
Originators:
Thomas Francis, Jr.

TDaP

(Diphtheria, tetanus and
pertussis (whooping cough) prevention drug; newer generation of DPT)
Generic Name(s):
Diphtheria/Tetanus Toxoids/Acellular Pertussis Vaccine; DTap; DTPa; TDaP
Brand
Name(s): Adacel; Boostrix; Daptacel; Infanrix; Tripedia
Originators:
Grace Eldering
Pearl Kendrick


Tenormin

(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug;
Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Atenolol
Brand
Name(s): Tenormin
Originators:
James Black

Te Anatoxal Berna
(Tetanus treatment drug
)
Generic Name(s):
Tetanus Toxoid Vaccine,
Tetanus Toxoid Absorbed Vaccine
Brand
Name(s)Tetanus Toxoid,  Tetanus Toxoid Absorbed, Te Anatoxal Berna
Originators:
Emil von Behring
Shibasaburo Kitasato
Gaston Ramon

Tetanus Toxoid
(Tetanus treatment drug
)
Generic Name(s):
Tetanus Toxoid Vaccine,
Tetanus Toxoid Absorbed Vaccine
Brand
Name(s)Tetanus Toxoid,  Tetanus Toxoid Absorbed, Te Anatoxal Berna
Originators:
Emil von Behring
Shibasaburo Kitasato
Gaston Ramon

Tetanus Toxoid Absorbed
(Tetanus treatment drug
)
Generic Name(s):
Tetanus Toxoid Vaccine, Tetanus Toxoid Absorbed Vaccine
Brand
Name(s)Tetanus Toxoid,  Tetanus Toxoid Absorbed, Te Anatoxal Berna
Originators:
Emil von Behring
Shibasaburo Kitasato
Gaston Ramon

Tetanus Toxoid Absorbed Vaccine

(Tetanus treatment drug
)
Generic Name(s):
Tetanus Toxoid Vaccine, Tetanus Toxoid Absorbed Vaccine
Brand
Name(s)Tetanus Toxoid,  Tetanus Toxoid Absorbed, Te Anatoxal Berna
Originators:
Emil von Behring
Shibasaburo Kitasato
Gaston Ramon

Tetanus Toxoid Vaccine
(Tetanus treatment drug
)
Generic Name(s):
Tetanus Toxoid Vaccine, Tetanus Toxoid Absorbed Vaccine
Brand
Name(s)Tetanus Toxoid,  Tetanus Toxoid Absorbed, Te Anatoxal Berna
Originators:
Emil von Behring
Shibasaburo Kitasato
Gaston Ramon

Tevacor
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Oxprenolol
Brand
Name(s): Trasicor; Coretal; Laracor; Slow-Pren; Tevacor; Trasitensin;Corbeton
Originators:
James Black

Ticar
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s)Ticarcillin
Brand Name(s): Ticar
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Ticarcillin
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s)Ticarcillin
Brand Name(s): Ticar
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Totacillin
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Ampicillin
Brand Name(s): Omnipen; Polycillin; Polycillin-N; Principen; Totacillin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Trandate
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Labetalol
Brand
Name(s): Normodyne; Trandate
Originators:
James Black

Trasicor
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Oxprenolol
Brand
Name(s): Trasicor; Coretal; Laracor; Slow-Pren; Tevacor; Trasitensin; Corbeton
Originators:
James Black

Trasitensin
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Oxprenolol
Brand
Name(s): Trasicor; Coretal; Laracor; Slow-Pren; Tevacor; Trasitensin; Corbeton
Originators:
James Black

Tri-Buffered Aspirin
(Salicylate; fights pain, fever and inflammation)
Generic Name(s): Aspirin
Brand Name(s): Arthritis Pain; Aspergum; Aspir-Low; Aspirin Lite Coat; Bayer Aspirin; Bufferin; Easprin; Ecotrin; Empirin; Fasprin; Genacote; Halfprin; Norwich Aspirin; St. Joseph Aspirin; Stanback Analgesic; Tri-Buffered Aspirin; YSP Aspirin; Zorprin
Originators - for prevention of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Trimox
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Amoxicillin
Brand Name(s): Amoxil, Polymox; Trimox; Wymox
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Tripedia
(Diphtheria, tetanus and
pertussis (whooping cough) prevention drug; newer generation of DPT)
Generic Name(s):
Diphtheria/Tetanus Toxoids/Acellular Pertussis Vaccine; DTap; DTPa; TDaP
Brand
Name(s): Adacel; Boostrix; Daptacel; Infanrix; Tripedia
Originators:
Grace Eldering
Pearl Kendrick


Tropol-XL
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Metoprolol
Brand
Name(s): Lopressor; Toprol-XL
Originators:
James Black



U

Unipen
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Nafcillin
Brand Name(s): Nafcil; Nallpen; Unipen
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain




V

V-Cillin K
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Penicillin V
Brand Name(s): Beepen-VK; Betapen-VK; Ledercillin VK; Pen Vee K; V-Cillin K; Veetids
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Veetids
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Penicillin V
Brand Name(s): Beepen-VK; Betapen-VK; Ledercillin VK; Pen Vee K; V-Cillin K; Veetids
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Velosulin

(Diabetes drug)

Generic
Name(s): Insulin Regular
Brand
Name(s): Humulin R; Novolin R; Velosulin
Originators:
Frederick Banting
Charles Best
James "Bert" Collip
J.J.R. (John) Macleod


Visken
(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Pindolol
Brand
Name(s): Visken; Betapindol; Blockin L; Blocklin L; Calvisken; Cardilate; Decreten; Durapindol; Glauco-Visken; Pectobloc; Pinbetol; Prindolol; Pynastin;
Originators:
James Black

Vytorin
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo
 



W

WinRho SDF
(Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn drug
)
Generic
Name(s): Rho(D) Immune Globulin (Human)
Brand
Name(s): HyperRHO S/D Full-Dose; HyperRHO S/D Mini-Dose; MICRhoGAM; RhoGAM; Rhophylac; WinRho SDF
Originators:
Ronald Finn

Wycillin

(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Penicillin G
Brand Name(s): Bicillin L-A; Crysticillin 300 A.S.; Pentids; Permapen; Pfizerpen; Pfizerpen-AS; Wycillin
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain


Wymox
(Antibiotic; fights infection)
Generic Name(s): Amoxicillin
Brand Name(s): Amoxil, Polymox; Trimox; Wymox
Originators:
Alexander Fleming
Howard Florey
Norman Heatley
Ernst Chain




X



Y

YSP Aspirin
(Salicylate; fights pain, fever and inflammation)
Generic Name(s): Aspirin
Brand Name(s): Arthritis Pain; Aspergum; Aspir-Low; Aspirin Lite Coat; Bayer Aspirin; Bufferin; Easprin; Ecotrin; Empirin; Fasprin; Genacote; Halfprin; Norwich Aspirin; St. Joseph Aspirin; Stanback Analgesic; Tri-Buffered Aspirin; YSP Aspirin; Zorprin
Originators - for prevention of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens




Z

Zanamivir  
(A vaccine to protect against influenza
)
Generic Name(s):
Influenza Vaccine;
Influenza Virus Vaccine (Nasal); Amantadine; Oseltamivir; Rimantadine; Zanamivir   
Brand
Name(s): Symmetrel; Tamiflu; Flumadine; Relenza; FluMist
Originators:
Thomas Francis, Jr.


Zebeta

(Heart disease and high blood pressure drug
; Beta Blocker)
Generic
Name(s): Bisoprolol
Brand
Name(s): Zebeta; Cardicor; Emcor
Originators:
James Black

Zocor
(High cholesterol drug)

Generic
Name(s): Atorvastatin; Cerivastatin (withdrawn 2001); Fluvastatin; Lovastatin; Mevastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin; Ezetimibe/Simvastatin; Lovastatin/Niacin ER; Atorvastatin/Amlodipine Besylate; Simvastatin/Niacin ER
Brand Name(s): Lipitor; Baycol (withdrawn 2001); Lipobay (withdrawn 2001); Lescol, Lescol XL; Mevacor; Altocor; Altoprev; Livalo; Pitava; Pravachol; Selektine; Lipostat; Crestor; Zocor; Lipex; Vytorin; Advicor; Caduet; Simcor
Originators:
Akira Endo

Zorprin
(Salicylate; fights pain, fever and inflammation)
Generic Name(s): Aspirin
Brand Name(s): Arthritis Pain; Aspergum; Aspir-Low; Aspirin Lite Coat; Bayer Aspirin; Bufferin; Easprin; Ecotrin; Empirin; Fasprin; Genacote; Halfprin; Norwich Aspirin; St. Joseph Aspirin; Stanback Analgesic; Tri-Buffered Aspirin; YSP Aspirin; Zorprin
Originators - for prevention of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke:
Lawrence Craven
Paul Gibson
Charles Hennekens


Zovirax
(An antiviral drug)
Generic
Name(s): Acyclovir
Brand
Name(s): Zovirax
Originators:
Gertrude Elion





 


methods_header
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



A

Abdominal Thrusts; Heimlich Maneuver
(Abdominal thrusts used to dislodge a foreign object from a choking victim's airway)

Treats:
Choking

Originators:
Henry Heimlich
Edward Patrick


Angioplasty

(A procedure to open blocked or narrowed arteries
)
Treats:
Atherosclerosis; Coronary Artery Disease; Coronary Heart Disease
Originators:
Andreas Gruentzig

Automobile Seatbelt

(Three-point safety restraint to prevent injury
)
Treats:
Prevents injuries during automobile accidents
Originators:
Nils Bohlin



B

Blue Baby Syndrome Surgery
(Heart surgery to
correct congenital heart defects)
Treats:
Tetralogy of Fallot
Originators:
Alfred Blalock
Vivien Thomas


Bypass Surgery

(Heart surgery to bypass blocked arteries)

Treats:
Cardiovascular disease
Originators:
Vladimir Demikhov
Vasilii Kolesov




C

Cardiac Pacemaker
(An implantable electronic device that helps regulate the heartbeat)

Treats:
A slow heartbeat, bradycardia; in some cases treats heart failure
Originators:
Wilson Greatbatch

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation; CPR

(Chest compression and artificial respiration technique to revive a person in cardiac arrest)

Treats:
Cardiac arrest, Sudden cardiac arrest

Originators:
Peter Safar
James Elam
James Jude
G. Guy Knickerbocker
William Kouwenhoven


Chemical Fertilizer

(Synthetic chemical fertilizer, producing food that feeds much of the world's population
)
Treats:
Allows for the efficient growth of foods
Originators:
Carl Bosch
Fritz Haber


Chlorination
(Purification of water by treatment with chlorine
)
Treats:
Allows for safe public water supplies
Originators:
Abel Wolman
Linn Enslow

Cholesterol Control
(Maintains cholesterol at a healthy level
)
Treats:
High Cholesterol; Hypercholesterolemia
Treatment Originators - Healthy diet to control cholesterol:
Ancel Keys


Coronary Angioplasty
(A procedure to open blocked or narrowed arteries
)
Treats: Atherosclerosis; Coronary Artery Disease; Coronary Heart Disease
Originators:
Andreas Gruentzig

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft; CABG

(Heart surgery to bypass blocked arteries)

Treats:
Cardiovascular disease

Originators:
Vladimir Demikhov
Vasilii Kolesov




D

Diet as Cholesterol Control
(Maintains cholesterol at a healthy level
)
Treats:
High Cholesterol; Hypercholesterolemia
Treatment Originators - Healthy diet to control cholesterol:
Ancel Keys


Disease Resistant Wheat

(High-yield, disease-resistant wheat bred to grow in harsh environments)

Treats:
Malnutrition, Famine
Originators:
Norman Borlaug




E



F

Fertilizer
(Synthetic chemical fertilizer, producing food that feeds much of the world's population
)
Treats:
Allows for the efficient growth of foods
Originators:
Carl Bosch
Fritz Haber




G



H

Healthy Diet as Cholesterol Control
(Maintains cholesterol at a healthy level
)
Treats:
High Cholesterol; Hypercholesterolemia
Treatment Originators - Healthy diet to control cholesterol:
Ancel Keys


Heart Bypass Surgery

(Heart surgery to bypass blocked arteries)

Treats:
Cardiovascular disease

Originators:
Vladimir Demikhov
Vasilii Kolesov


Heimlich Maneuver; Abdominal Thrusts
(Abdominal thrusts used to dislodge a foreign object from a choking victim's airway)

Treats:
Choking

Originators:
Henry Heimlich
Edward Patrick


High-Yield Wheat
(High-yield, disease-resistant wheat bred to grow in harsh environments)
Treats:
Malnutrition, Famine
Originators:
Norman Borlaug



I

Implantable Pacemaker
(An implantable electronic device that helps regulate the heartbeat)

Treats:
A slow heartbeat, bradycardia; in some cases treats heart failure
Originators:
Wilson Greatbatch



J



K

Kidney Transplant
(Transplant of a healthy kidney
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Renal, Kidney, Systemic
Treatment Originators - Azathioprine to avoid organ transplant rejection:
Gertrude Elion
George Hitchings




L




M

Mammography
(X-Rays used to detect breast cancer
)
Systems/Organs Affected: Breast, Lymphatic, Systemic
Treatment Originators - Mammograms for early detection:
Albert Salomon
Walter Vogel
Stafford Warren
Jacob Gershon-Cohen
Raul Leborgne
Charles Gros




N



O

Oral Rehydration Therapy; ORT
(Method to fight dehydration from cholera and diarrheal diseases)

Treats:
Dehydration, cholera, diarrhea
Originators:
Robert Phillips
David Nalin
Richard Cash
Norbert Hirschhorn
David Sachar




P

Pacemaker
(An implantable electronic device that helps regulate the heartbeat)

Treats:
A slow heartbeat, bradycardia; in some cases treats heart failure
Originators:
Wilson Greatbatch

Pap Smear

(A test to detect cervical cancer)

Treats:
Early detector of cervical cancer
Originators:
Georgios Papanikolaou
Herbert Traut
Aurel Babes


Plumpy'nut
(A high-energy, peanut-based food that is easily transportable to any region in the world
)
Treats:
Malnutrition, Famine, Starvation
Originators:
Andre Briend

Public Sanitation
(Purification of water by treatment with chlorine
)
Treats:
Allows for safe public water supplies
Originators:
Abel Wolman
Linn Enslow




Q



R

Resusci-Anne
(A medical mannequin used to teach CPR and artificial respiration)

Treats:
Cardiac arrest, Sudden cardiac arrest

Originators:
Peter Safar
James Elam





S

Seatbelt
(Three-point safety restraint to prevent injury
)
Treats:
Prevents injuries during automobile accidents
Originators:
Nils Bohlin

Surfactant Therapy
(A natural substance that maintains the surface tension of the lungs, protecting against collapse)

Treats:
Respiratory distress syndrome; Hyaline membrane disease
Originators:
Mary Ellen Avery
John Clements
Tetsuro Fujiwara


Synthetic Chemical Fertilizer
(Synthetic chemical fertilizer, producing food that feeds much of the world's population
)
Treats:
Allows for the efficient growth of foods
Originators:
Carl Bosch
Fritz Haber





T

Tetralogy of Fallot Surgery
(Heart surgery to
correct congenital heart defects)
Treats:
Tetralogy of Fallot
Originators:
Alfred Blalock
Vivien Thomas




U



V



W

Water Purification
(Purification of water by treatment with chlorine
)
Treats:
Allows for safe public water supplies
Originators:
Abel Wolman
Linn Enslow


Wheat

(High-yield, disease-resistant wheat bred to grow in harsh environments)
Treats:
Malnutrition
, Famine
Originators:
Norman Borlaug




X



Y



Z