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(June 19, 1896 - July 26, 1981)
Born in the United States
Year of Discovery: 1930
This Pioneer in Breast Cancer Surgery Used Fluoroscopes to Distinguish Variations in Breast Tissue
Stafford Warren, a radiologist from New York, published one of the first articles about mammography in 1930, "A roentgenologic study of the breast". (Roentgenology is radiology using x-rays, named after the discoverer of x-rays, Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen) This was a groundbreaking study, in which he described how physicians could use his stereoscopic grid system of radiographs to reveal disease and make diagnoses of breast cancer - without having to cut open the patient! Prior to this, all breast disease was confirmed during surgical procedures or autopsies. This breakthrough began the era of breast cancer screening and simplified, non-invasive diagnosis.
In 1943, Dr. Warren was appointed Chief of the Medical Section of the Manhattan Engineering District, known as the "Manhattan Project". This was the project that developed the first atomic weapon during World War II. In this critical position, Warren was responsible for conducting radiation tests to assure the safety of all personnel involved. The experience led him to warn the public against the potentially dangerous effects of fallout after a nuclear war.
Introduction by April Ingram
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The practice of mammography, by Dronkers, referencing Warren:
The John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum profile:
University of California obituary and biography:
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The Science Behind the Discovery
Warren, Stafford. An exceptional man for exceptional challenges: Stafford L. Warren. Regents of the University of California, 1983.
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